Certain species of bacteria must be present for Periodontal Disease to develop. A healthy mouth is home to more than 650 species of bacteria. It is less than 5% of these bacteria that cause Periodontal Disease. Normally, the body keeps the harmful bacteria under control, however, in patients more susceptible to Periodontal Disease or those not practicing good dental hygiene, the bad bacteria can literally "take over".
Harmful bacteria can invade the crevices between the teeth and gums, causing tartar to build up. Tartar is actually hardened bacteria that accumulates along the teeth and under the gums.
Individual patients may also have a higher risk of developing Periodontal Disease. Other factors contributing to the condition include:
- Inadequate dental care
- Poor nutrition
- Genetic factors
- Cigarette and cigar smoking, snuff dipping, chewing tobacco
- Certain Medical conditions such as Diabetes
- Grinding / clenching teeth
- Lack of regular dental care
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